Foot and Ankle

Ankle FootThe ankle joint withstands more pressure than any other joint in the human body. Some common causes of ankle pain are sprains, tendonitis, arthritis, and fractures.

Most problems can be treated by non-operative methods such as physical therapy, shoe orthotics, braces, or steroid injections. If pain persists despite these measures, surgery may be able to correct the underlying problem. Some common painful conditions that can be improved with surgery include bone fractures, flat feet, tendon tears, bunions and arthritis. It is important to remember that unless the foot is painful, surgery is rarely required. If surgery is necessary most procedures can be done on a day surgery basis. Many surgeries will require 1-2 months of wearing a cast or removable walking boot, which is followed by a period of strengthening with physical therapy.

Click on the links below for more information regarding your specific diagnosis:

Ankle FracturePDF

Talus Fracture | PDF

Calcaneus Fracture | PDF

Lisfranc Injury | PDF

Stress Fractures of the Foot | PDF

Osteochondral Lesion of Talus | PDF

Achilles Tendinitis | PDF

Peroneal Tendinosis | PDF

Adult (Acquired) Flatfoot | PDF

Ankle Instability | PDF

Ankle Sprains | PDF

Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle | PDF

Bunions | PDF

Hallux Rigidus | PDF

Hammer Toe | PDF

Plantar Fasciitis | PDF

Heel Pain | PDF

Metatarsalgia | PDF

Progressive Flatfoot (Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction | PDF

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Food and Ankle | PDF

Morton's Neuroma | PDF


Click on the links below for more information regarding surgery and post-operative care:

Achilles Tendon Repair | PDF

Lisfranc Repair | PDF

Ankle Fracture Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) | PDF

5th Metatarsal ORIF | PDF

Arthroscopic Ankle Lateral Ligament Reconstruction | PDF

Arthroscopic Ankle with Treatment for Osteochondral Lesion | PDF

Midfoot Arthrodesis (Fusion) | PDF

Subtalar Arthrodesis (Fusion) | PDF


To learn more about the foot and ankle, please watch the video animation below.